Great job to all 7th graders on your fluency benchmarking. Your hardwork has paid off! Way to go Spartans!!!!
Check HomeLogic https://logic.skokie69.net/homelogic for Homework
Before school help: Tuesday, Thursday's 7:45-8:15
Students should check into the office first before coming to my room in the morning.
|Curriculum guide||US Constitution||IL Webquest|
|IL Practice Tests||Native Americans||Oregon Trail|
|Extra Credit||Reanae McNeal|
1. The first quarter you will have an opportunity to earn 10 extra credit points by doing flashcards. On an index card, neatly write a question that you think will be on the upcoming test based on what we have been studying. Write the answer on the back. The flashcards are due the day of the test. Each flashcard is worth 1 point. The second quarter you can earn 5 extra credit points by doing 10 flashcards. Each flashcard will be worth ½ point.
2. Pick a book from Mr. Jonas' in class library. Read the book. Write a 1 page summary of the book. Then write two separate paragraphs about your favorite part(s) of the book or least favorite part(s) of the book and why. Give at least three reasons to support each paragraph. Finally, for the third paragraph; how did those 2 parts of the book relate to the growth of America? Give examples and support.
3. During the Oregon Trail unit extra credit opportunites will be distributed during class time.
4. If you have ideas for extra credit opportunities, please see Mr. Jonas.
District 69, in conjunction with, the Village of Skokie's Fine Arts Commission and the District 69 PTA is proud to announce that Lincoln Junior High will once again host an artist in residence for a thirtenth consecutive year. Starting in April, 7th grade students begin preparation for the cultural arts unit. The 7th grade interdisciplinary, multicultural unit culminates by featuring Ms. Reanae McNeal from May 13- May 24.
Reanae McNeal is the founder of “Imani Revelations”. She is a “Griot”, an African American Storyteller, who praises the legacies of her ancient heritage through animated story telling, singing and movement. Reanae’s stories have been passed down through generations of storytellers. Each story not only relays important information about the past, but reveals timeless lessons about the value of all cultures.
We are looking forward with great anticipation to May of 2013.
On May 13th, Reanae will perform an opening assembly for the 7th grade students at Lincoln Junior High. Ms. McNeal will spend her time at Lincoln teaching about and demonstrating African-American culture in the social studies classes as well as assisting the language arts classes by demonstrating stories, sharing customs, literature, and events from African-American culture.
Finally, on May 24, the students of Lincoln Junior High and Reanae will also participate in a cultural arts assembly in which some students teach their classmates about their own culture through dance, song, and stories. The assembly will be a culmination of a year of learning about acceptance and tolerance of other cultures.
Click on the following links to learn more about Oregon Trail
|About Oregon Trail||Map of Oregon Trail|
|Oregon Trail Historic site||US Department of Interior site|
|History of Oregon Trail||Oregon Trail Historical site|
Learn more about the Conestoga wagons
Injury Paragraph information
|Injury paragraph requirements||Health tips||Wounds|
|Burns||Bone and Joint||Stings and bites|
Other sites for medical information
Oregon Trail Alternative Research Paper
|Research Grid||Prewriting Graphic Organizer||Rubric|
The following worksheets were passed out in class. They are very helpful in order to complete the Native American Research paper.
The following website could be useful to help finding the research for the paper.
To begin this webquest, you must have the Question sheet in front of you. It can be downloaded and printed by clicking on the following link:
Illinois - 21st state
Land and Water Area = 58,000 miles
Dimensions - 385 miles long and 218 miles wide
By the time the U.S. Constitution was being signed, our state was a wilderness. Early visitors described the area as a rolling prairie covered with tall grasses and woods. The "discovery" of Illinois by whites took place in 1673 by the 2 French explorers, Marquette and Joliet. During the time between the discovery of Illinois and its admission to the union as a state, the French and English both controlled the area at times.
French forts and communities sprung up in the Illinois wilderness. Fort de Crevecoeur was established near Peoria in 1680 followed in 1682 by Fort St. Louis on Starved Rock. One of the first white villages, Pimitouri, later called Peoria was established in 1691. Cahokia was organized in 1699 and Kaskaskia four years later.
Indian tribes of Illinois included the Miami, Illiniwek (Illinois), and Potowatomee Indians. Most were relocated westward later.
Defeated by England in the French and Indian War in 1783, France gave up its claim to its possessions east of the Mississippi River.
Illinois was established as a county of Virginia in 1778. In 1787 it became part of the Northwest Territory, in which it remained until 1800. In 1800 the territory of Indiana was established and Illinois became part of it. In 1809 Illinois and the present state of Wisconsin was made a territory. Kaskaskia was its capital and Ninian Edwards of Kentucky was the first territorial governor.
On December 3, 1818, Illinois was admitted as the 21st state. Kaskaskia was our first capital city and Shadrach Bond became the first governor.
The last great Indian uprising in Illinois was the Black Hawk War in 1832. Chief Black Hawk and his Salk and Fox warriors defeated the white militia at Stillman's Run, but retreated into Wisconsin where the band was defeated.
The capital was moved from Kaskaskia to Vandalia and in 1839 the capital was moved to Springfield. Abraham Lincoln urged the selection of Springfield while he was a member of the state legislature.
Soon after Springfield was selected as the new capital, the state became divided on the question of slavery. Lincoln emerged from political retirement in 1858 to challenge Stephen A. Douglas, U.S. Senator, and the national policy on slavery, which he advocated. They eyes of the nation focused on the state as the two men engaged in their 7 historic debates. Although Lincoln lost the election in 1858 to Douglas, the campaign gave him national recognition. Two years later he won the Republican nomination for the Presidency and was elected the 16th President.
Here are a couple of links to visit and gain more information on the history of Illinois.
Our state is located at the heart of the great interior river system of the continent. Rivers help to form some of the boundaries of our state. The Mississippi River forms our state's western boundary. The Wabash and Ohio Rivers form part of the eastern boundary. The Ohio River forms Illinois' southern boundary. Across the state flows the Illinois, Kaskaskia, Sangamon, Spoon, Rock, Embarrass, Kankakee and Des Plaines Rivers - each in its day a highway of trade. Our nation's number one waterway of trade throughout history has been the Mississippi River. The Indians called it "the Father of all the Rivers."
Besides trade, Illinois has used its rivers as a source of transportation, recreation, hydroelectric power, and natural beauty.
Illinois rivers have also been a source of problems. In earlier days Malaria was a problem facing the settlers of Illinois. Today flooding is a concern for thousands of people who live along rivers. Although improving, pollution of Illinois waterways is an area of concern.
The Legislative Branch is the law-making branch of Illinois government. The legislature (law-making body) of Illinois meets each year beginning on the second Wednesday of January and concluding when the legislative work of the state has been finished. The governor, after the legislature has adjourned, may call extra sessions.
The General Assembly
The main body of the Legislative Branch is the General Assembly. It consists of the Senate and House of Representatives. (In other words, the Senate and the House of Representatives together are known as the General Assembly). There are 177 members in the General Assembly. The Senate has 59 members and the House of Representatives has 118 members.
All members of the General Assembly are elected by the people. All members of the General Assembly must be 21 years old or older, be a resident of the district for at least 2 years, and be a citizen.
In order to do work, a quorum of its members must be present. A quorum is a majority of the members. Each house determines its own rules and procedures. No member can be expelled, except by a 2/3 vote. Either house can imprison any people who show disrespect to the house, but only for 24 hours. Both houses are organized into committees to help conduct business efficiently.
There are 59 legislative districts in the state. Each district elects one state senator and 2 state representatives. We live in State District 8 and our State Senator is Ira Silverstein.
Besides making the laws, the General Assembly conducts investigations, submits constitutional amendments to the people, acts on amendments to the federal constitution, and confirms appointments made by the governor.
The State Senate
There are 59 state senators, one from each of the legislative districts. A senator's term is for four years and he/she may be re-elected without limit. Elections are held in even-numbered years, with about half the Senate elected every two years. The presiding officer of the Senate is the President of the Senate, who is elected by all the state senators.
Special Duties of the State Senate
In addition to its regular law-making powers, the senate has the following special powers: The Senate tries impeachment cases and the Senate must approve many of the appointments made by the governor.
The State House of Representatives
There are 118 state representatives, 2 from each of the 59 legislative districts. A representative's term is for two years. Elections are held in even-numbered years and representatives may be re-elected without limit. The presiding officer of the House is the Speaker of the House, elected by the representatives themselves. We live in the State Representative District 16 and our state representative is Mr. Louis Lang.
Special Duties of the House
Besides its regular law-making duties, the House of Representatives has the sole power of impeachment. As you may recall, impeachment means to charge an official with wrongdoing.
Federal Officials Who Represent Us
Illinois has 19 U.S. Representatives and 2 U.S. Senators that represent Illinois in the U.S. Congress in Washington, D.C.Our U.S. Senators are Mr. Richard Durbin and Mr. Roland Burris. We live in the 9th Congressional District and our U.S. Representative is Ms. Janice D. Schakowsky.
According to Article IV of the Constitution, "the General Assembly shall enact laws only by bills. Bills may originate in either house, but may be amended or rejected by the other."
In general, a bill becomes a law after passing both houses of the General Assembly and receives the Governor's approval. In case of a veto from the Governor, the bill can still become a law by passing both houses by a 3/5 vote.
A bill may start in either house. Committees are used in the state law-making process much like in the federal government. Bills only need a majority vote for passage. However, if the Governor vetoes a bill that has been sent to him, the General Assembly must then pass the bill by a 3/5 vote in both houses to override his veto.
The constitution's rules about passing bills include:
1. Bills are to be read on 3 different days (by title) before final vote on passage.
2. Most bills are confined to one subject.
3. A bill passed by both houses must be sent to the Governor within 30 days. The Governor has 60 calendar days to sign it, or to return it with his veto. If he does nothing, the bill will automatically become a law after the 60-day period.
Lobbies are important in the law-making process. Lobbies are organized groups who seek to influence lawmakers. Most of these lobbies operate legally under the laws controlling them, and some of them do a service of informing our lawmakers. However, there are some instances where these lobbies exert too much influence and the views of other citizens are overlooked.
While our legislators are making laws they are free from arrest except from major crimes such as felonies. Restrictions on the State Senators and Representatives include:
1. They cannot receive an appointment by the Governor to another public office.
2. They cannot hold any other public office in the state.
3. They must file a statement of economic interests.
4. They cannot receive a salary increase during their term of office.
5. Neither house can adjourn without the consent (approval) of the other house.
The Executive Branch enforces and administers the laws. The Governor is the Chief Executive of state government. In other words, he/she is the head of the Executive Branch.
The Governor must be at least 25 years old and a resident of the state for the three years preceding his election, and a citizen. The Governor's term of office is 4 years and may be re-elected an unlimited number of times. The order of succession to the Governor's office is:
1. Lieutenant Governor
2. Attorney General
3. Secretary of State
The Governor, besides enforcing and administering the law, also has the important duty of vetoing or approving bills passed by the General Assembly.
Other duties of the Governor are:
1. The Governor appoints many members of the state government. Many of these appointments require the approval of the State Senate. The Governor may also remove any of these officials he feels are incompetent. (The Governor cannot remove the other executive officers such as the Secretary of State since they are elected).
2. The Governor may grant pardons, reprieves, and commutations. Pardon means to forgive a person of a crime. Reprieve means to delay the carrying out of a criminal sentence. To commute a sentence is to shorten a criminal sentence.
3. The Governor shall deliver to the General Assembly an address about the condition of the state.
4. The Governor is the commander-in-chief of the state militia, except in cases of national emergency when they are called into federal service. The Governor may call out the militia to carry out the laws of the state.
5. The Governor may call special sessions of the General Assembly.
The Governor has three types of vetoes. The regular veto is like the President's veto in which the whole bill is rejected. The bill is returned to the house of the General Assembly where it began with a list of reasons why the Governor vetoed it.
The item veto means to veto only a part of a bill. This type of veto is for appropriations (spending) bills where the Governor simply changes the appropriation. The houses can pass over this veto by simply accepting the appropriation change.
The third type of veto is the amendatory veto. If the Governor notes specific recommendations the house can pass the bill by simply accepting the recommendation.
The Governor's office is similar in some ways to the office of the President except Governors do not deal with the making of foreign policy or national defense issues to any great degree.
Besides the Governor, other executive officers include the Attorney General, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Comptroller, and the Lieutenant Governor.
The Illinois Constitution provides that all executive officers have the same qualifications and term as the Governor.
The Lt. Governor shall perform the duties and exercise the powers in the executive branch that may be delegated to him by the Governor and that may be prescribed by law. The Lt. Governor may become the Governor if for some reason the present Governor can no longer fulfill his duties.
The Attorney General is the chief legal officer of the state. This office gives legal advice to the Governor and executive branch. The Attorney General's office has been given a new task with the 1970 Constitution. This office protects consumers from fraud and rip-offs.
Secretary of State
The Secretary of State's office deals more directly with the people of Illinois than any other executive office. This office maintains drivers' records, issues driver licenses and plates, and maintains vehicle records. This office is also the keeper of the Great Seal of Illinois. It is in charge of the maintenance of the Capitol building. The Secretary of State's office is in charge of the state library system and is the State Archivist.
The Comptroller is the state's chief fiscal (money) control officer. The Comptroller checks to make sure all bills submitted to the state are valid and should be paid. Sometimes the Comptroller's office is called the "Watchdog of the State's Money".
The Treasurer shall be responsible for the safekeeping and investment of the monies and securities deposited for the state.
Terms of Office
All officers in the executive branch are elected and serve 4-year terms.
Executive Department Organizations
Various departments of the Executive Branch are organized to carry out specific tasks. These are called Civil Administrative Code Departments. The most important of these are: Aeronautics, Agriculture, Conservation, Finance, Labor, Mines Safety, Public Aid, Public Works and Buildings, Registration and Education, Revenue, Personnel, Children and Family Services, Insurance, Mental Health, and Financial Institutions. The Governor selects and appoints the heads of these departments.
Besides the Code Departments, there are also a great number of independent boards and commissions under authority of the Governor. Some of these boards and commissions are permanent while others exist only for a short time. Examples include: Racing Board, Fair Employment Practices Commission, Human Relations Commission, and the Toll Highway Commission. The Governor also appoints these commissions.
The Governor and Executive Officers
Governor, Pat Quinn
Lieutenant Governor, (currently none)
Attorney General, Lisa Madigan
Secretary of State, Jesse White
Comptroller, Daniel W. Hynes
Treasurer, Alexi Giannoulias
The main functions of the Judicial Branch are: administer justice, interprets the meaning of law and the Constitution of Illinois, and settles disputes. It is composed of a system of state courts. The state courts are the Illinois Supreme Court, Illinois Appellate Courts, and the Illinois Circuit Courts.
Circuit courts are the general trial courts. In these courts cases are heard and judgements are made. They have original jurisdiction.
The voters elect circuit court judges to 6-year terms.
This court hears appeals from the Circuit courts and therefore has appellate jurisdiction. Its judges are elected and serve for 10-year terms.
The Supreme Court of Illinois has original jurisdiction in the following cases: Revenue, mandamus, and habeas corpus. Otherwise it is simply the final court of appeal on all other state matters that have come up from the lower courts. Its judges serve for 10-year terms. There are seven Supreme Court judges. These are elected also.
Once judges have been elected, they may run for re-election on their records, without opposition. In these cases voters simply vote yes or no on their retention. If 3/5 approval is not obtained, the judge must be replaced.
All judges must be citizens, licensed attorneys of the state, and residents of the districts from which they are elected. Judges must devote full time to their judicial duties and may not engage in law practice or hold other office, including officers in political parties.
To vote in Illinois, a person must be at least 18 years old, a resident of their district for 30 days and a citizen. Voters must register with the local election district at least 28 days before the election.
General elections are always held on the first Tuesday following the first Monday in November in even-numbered years.
Primaries are elections in which party members elect the candidates of their party. Three ways of nominating candidates used are convention, caucus, and primaries. The primary is the most widely used method. In a closed primary, voters on Election Day must choose one political party's ballot. Only Democratic candidates are found on the Democratic ballot. Republican candidates are found on the Republican ballot. Voters must choose only one ballot. Therefore in closed primaries, voters receive the same ballot, which contain the candidates' names from all political parties. The voters do not have to declare their party affiliation in open primaries. Illinois uses the closed primary system. In the convention method, counties choose delegates to meet in a convention to decide party's candidates. In the caucus methods, party leaders select political party candidates for the ballot.
A person convicted of a felony or who is otherwise under sentence in jail loses the right to vote. This right is restored after the sentence is served.
Voters are sometimes asked not only to vote for candidates, but also to vote on public issues such as bond issues of some governmental body or change in the state constitution. A tax increase for a school is settled by referendum.
Illinois has 102 counties. The county is the largest unit of local government. Each county has a county seat where its governing body is located. Our county seat is Kankakee. All counties carry out state policy in a general nature; they enforce laws, prosecute offenders, build and maintain roads, keep records, conduct elections, assess property, and collect taxes. Each county has a governing body known as the county board.
John Deere's invention of the prairie plow in 1837 gave encouragement to Illinois agriculture and it became a leading agricultural state. After the Civil War, Illinois turned to the development of its natural resources and to its transportation. By 1870 coal mining had become one of Illinois' largest industries. Improved transportation, an abundance of coal, and westward movement of industry combined to make Illinois a great industrial region. Sprawling, vigorous Chicago was destined to become the manufacturing center, not only of Illinois, but the entire Midwest.
The first Constitution of Illinois was adopted in 1818 by a convention, which met in Kaskaskia.
In 1848 a new constitution was adopted. This constitution was noted for the increase of power to the people since they could now elect many government officials.
In 1862 a new constitution was discussed, but not adopted. In 1869 another new proposal met with success and became the new constitution in 1870.
In 1969, Illinois voters elected delegates to a new constitutional convention.
The Constitution of 1870 had proven to be outdated and it had been almost impossible to govern Illinois under such a document. The new convention met for the first time in 1970 under the leadership of Samuel Witwer who had fought for 23 years for a new constitution. A new constitution was written, adopted in convention on September 3, 1970, and approved by the voters on December 15, 1970. The Constitution of 1970 went into force on July 1, 1971.
The U.S. Constitution gives certain responsibilities to the states. To carry these out, states have set up state constitutions. The state government for example is responsible for state highway construction and maintenance, local laws, intrastate commerce, traffic laws, education, marriage and divorce laws, hospitals, voting regulations and etc...
The organization of state government is very similar to that of the federal government. Both have three branches of government with similar functions. Both the U.S. Constitution and the Illinois Constitution have a bill of rights.
Changing the State Constitution
The two ways of amending the Constitution are:
1. Constitutional Convention: If 3/5 of the members in each House of the General Assembly (state legislature) approve, there can be a call for a constitutional convention, which voters can approve or disapprove.
2. By the General Assembly: If 3/5 of each house of the General Assembly approve, amendments can be proposed by the General Assembly. These must be submitted to the voters at the next General Election.
Worksheets fo US Constitution test: Student study packet
How a Bill becomes a law (notes)
Articles of Confederation
Amending the USC
Checks and Balances
Check HomeLogic https://logic.skokie69.net/homelogic for Homework
Homework Table will be available on Monday, Tuesday, Thursday's after school from 2:35-3:35.
Students should check into the office first before coming to my room in the morning.
|Class Expectations||US Constitution||IL Webquest|
|IL Practice Tests||Native Americans||Oregon Trail|
|Extra Credit||Reanae McNeal|
Lincoln Junior High