What is RTI?
RTI, or response to intervention, is a service delivery model that allows children to receive tiered support for speech and language services. RTI is divided into three tiers (Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3) with children receiving speech and language services through an IEP (individualized education plan) at the top of the third tier. Students' progress is evaluated at the end of every 6-8 week cycle.
Tier 1 services are provided in the classroom. The speech language pathologist consults with the classroom teacher and helps provide visual cues, verbal cues, and accommodations that can help the student improve his or her speech and language skills. The speech pathologist may also check in weekly or bi-weekly with Tier 1 students. Students remain in Tier 1 for at least one 6-8 week cycle.
Tier 2 services are provided as a pull-out service (outside the general education classroom). Students in Tier 2 receive 15-30 minutes per week of direct service from the speech language pathologist. Students receiving Tier 2 services are seen in small groups (usually 2-4 students) who are all working on similar goals. Students remain in Tier 2 for at least two 6-8 week cycles.
Tier 3 services are also provided as a pull-out service. Students receiving Tier 3 services have not made adequate progress on their goals during two consecutive cycles of Tier 2 services. Tier 3 services are more intensive - students will either receive more minutes per week, more individualized attention, or more intensive instruction. Students remain in Tier 2 services for at least one 6-8 week cycle.